Health related fitness and physical activity levels of urban and rural boys
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
MetadataShow full item record
The study aimed to investigate the health related fitness level and physical activity behaviour of urban and rural Welsh schoolboys. The sample comprised of 31 urban and 21 rural boys, all aged 11-12 yrs. The health related fitness components tested were body composition (bio-electrical impedance analysis), flexibility (sit and reach), muscular endurance (timed sit ups), muscular strength/power (vertical jump) and cardiorespiratory endurance (multistage fitness test). No significant differences were seen in the height, body mass and fat mass of urban and rural boys. Although no significant differences were found, the rural group were classified as overweight according to body mass index measurements. The vertical jump test showed a significant difference, with urban boys outperforming rural counterparts. Other measures of health related fitness did not display significant differences between both groups. Physical activity behaviour data was obtained through questionnaires. Questions investigated transportation to school, amount of moderate and vigorous activity, sedentary behaviour and sports participation. Rural boys reported to be significantly more active when travelling to school. Although no statistically significant difference was observed in the sedentary measure, rural boys spent more hours watching television and playing video games, and were therefore more sedentary than urban counterparts. Urban boys reported to engage in more vigorous PA than those from the rural area, which was linked with urban boys participating in more sports at a competitive level. The results of the study suggest that urban and rural boys differ in ways which impacts health related fitness and physical activity patterns.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Turner, James (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2013)Background: A lack of regular physical activity has become the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality today. Several physiological and psychological factors can decrease physical activity levels, such as age, ...
An examination into the issues associated with young female (18-24) participation in sport and physical activity: a focus on rural areas. Davies, Cerian (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Research by Sport England has found that female participation rates are still low compared to males. This research investigates why such a gender gap still exists and focuses on examining this issue amongst 18-24 year ...
An identification of physical activity levels and perceived barriers in the transition between school and young adulthood: relative to socio-ecologic status. Yeomans, Jack (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Being so closely related to health and wellbeing, physical activity is a constant topic for research. Due to the broad nature of the topic, it is evident that many aspects have been overlooked or merely touched upon. The ...