Health related fitness and physical activity levels of urban and rural boys
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
The study aimed to investigate the health related fitness level and physical activity behaviour of urban and rural Welsh schoolboys. The sample comprised of 31 urban and 21 rural boys, all aged 11-12 yrs. The health related fitness components tested were body composition (bio-electrical impedance analysis), flexibility (sit and reach), muscular endurance (timed sit ups), muscular strength/power (vertical jump) and cardiorespiratory endurance (multistage fitness test). No significant differences were seen in the height, body mass and fat mass of urban and rural boys. Although no significant differences were found, the rural group were classified as overweight according to body mass index measurements. The vertical jump test showed a significant difference, with urban boys outperforming rural counterparts. Other measures of health related fitness did not display significant differences between both groups. Physical activity behaviour data was obtained through questionnaires. Questions investigated transportation to school, amount of moderate and vigorous activity, sedentary behaviour and sports participation. Rural boys reported to be significantly more active when travelling to school. Although no statistically significant difference was observed in the sedentary measure, rural boys spent more hours watching television and playing video games, and were therefore more sedentary than urban counterparts. Urban boys reported to engage in more vigorous PA than those from the rural area, which was linked with urban boys participating in more sports at a competitive level. The results of the study suggest that urban and rural boys differ in ways which impacts health related fitness and physical activity patterns.
Yn dangos eitemau sy’n perthyn drwy deitl, awdur, pwnc a chrynodeb.
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