The analysis of the phonological systems of Arabic speaking children with cleft palate in Saudi Arabia
Makki, Suhair Mohammed
Cardiff Metropolitan University
MetadataShow full item record
Cleft palate is a congenital defect which can affect speech intelligibility, giving rise to delayed and deviant articulatory patterns. Cleft palate speech has universal characteristics so that knowledge acquired about one language can be applied to another. Thus a hypothesis was postulated that cleft palate may affect the intelligibility of Arabic speaking children in a way similar to English speaking. Despite limited information on Arabic phonology, particularly in children, this study was designed to examine the phonetic and phonologic skills of sixteen children, eight children with surgically repaired cleft palate (subjects) and eight non-cleft children (control) within the age range of 3.3 to 6.9 years of age. Speech samples were audio-taped then subjected to a number of phonetic and phonological analyses. The results revealed that the cleft palate subjects were a homogenous group. They were similar to one another with respect to their phonetic inventories, frequency and types of phonological processes used. In comparison to the controls, the homogenous group of the subjects were similar only to the four youngest control and not to the oldest four controls. Some processes were identified in the analysis of subjects only that were the same published for English speaking children with cleft palate. The data has suggested that there is a loss of contrastivity in the cleft palate subjects' speech which could affect their speech intelligibility, but not all of the articulatory problems among subjects can be explained solely on the basis of past structural deficits but there may be other factors that have an implication.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
An investigation into the perceptions of non-professionals in rating cleft speech versus Speech and Language Therapists according to national auditing standards for speech outcomes Harding, Jennifer (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)Background: Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs) working with children with Cleft Lip and/or Palate (CLP) are specially trained to identify subtle differences in resonance, nasal airflow and articulation errors in speech. ...
Exploring the relationship between conductive hearing loss and cleft speech characteristics in children born with cleft palate Baker, Sharon; Wren, Yvonne; Zhao, Fei; Cooper, Francesca (Elsevier, 2021-06-27)Background Children with cleft palate are at high risk of both conductive hearing loss and cleft speech characteristics (CSCs) yet there is limited research to understand whether hearing loss impacts speech development ...
Welsh speaking children’s productions of fricatives: comparison of production in single words and connected speech Roberts, Lisa (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2017)It is essential to gather information on normal phonological development so that Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs) working with children can assess, diagnose and plan treatment appropriately. However, there is little ...