The effectiveness of defence strategies in international netball
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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In Netball, if possession of the ball is lost, the main focus is to regain possession of the ball to allow an attempt at goal and so all of the team become defenders. Within the game, players must be proficient at three types of defending, man to man, unit or small area zone defence, or full court zone defence. It is the purpose of this study to examine the effectiveness of defensive strategies in international netball, specifically the type of defence used at the centre pass, and the type of defence used to concede a turnover. The outcome of the turnover is also recorded. The matches were analysed using video recordings taken from various international test matches and championships. A manual notation system was used to collect the data. The data was collated and then tabulated. The Chi Square test was performed on the findings, providing information for coaches. The study has determined that man-to-man defence is the most common form of defence used by all teams analysed. A variation in the defensive style used by the defending team will minimise the strengths and maximise the weaknesses of the opposing team. However, no significant differences were found between the winning and losing teams with regards to the type of defensive strategy used on the centre pass (χ24 =1.2, P > 0.05), in open play (χ24 =0.3, P > 0.05) and in all the areas of the court (χ212 = 2.5, P > 0.05). The notation system used in this study provides information for coaches to develop specific tactics and strategies. Further research should investigate the top nations with specific reference to individual players.
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