Green remediation of old vehicles
Cardiff Metropolitan University
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
The Electric, Hybrid and Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV) help to significantly improve the air quality and contribute to the implementation of the European directives for development of comprehensive alternative fuels strategy adopted as from April 2014 with its Climate & Energy Package (Green Paper). The 2030 policy framework aims further low carbon economy and optimised performance of bio fuels. Car makers worldwide have recently developed contemporary technologies in the production of new generation green vehicles. But what opportunities have the owners of old conventional vehicles? The answer is remediation. Remediation is a process of conversion of vehicles with gasoline (or diesel) internal combustion engines into hybrids. The implementation of the 5th generation Liquefied Propane Direct Injection (LPDI) retrofit kit with an optional hybrid conversion kit is the focus of this thesis because it is a good option for car owners with limited or low living standards. Bulgaria is among the poorest member countries of the European community therefore the analyses in this paper for implementation of cost effective retrofit kits for vehicle remediation concern this local market only. This research finds out that Bulgarians who own vehicles aging from 10 to 30 years reveal positive attitude towards the green conversion, and depending upon their price perceptions it might be feasible to develop services for implementation of LPDI system with an optional hybrid retrofit kit.
Masters in Business Administration
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ODUTOLA, OLUWATOMIWA (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Abstract As a result of volatile oil prices coupled with the intensified anxiety with regards to global warming, the proposal of an effectively administrated electrical vehicle network has come to be progressively more ...
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Activation of Neck and Low-Back Muscles Is Reduced with the Use of a Neck Balance System Together with a Lumbar Support in Urban Drivers Menotti, F.; Labanca, L.; Laudani, Luca; Giombini, A.; Pigozzi, F.; Macaluso, A. (PLOS, 2015-10-16)Driving is associated with high activation of low-back and neck muscles due to the sittingposition and perturbations imposed by the vehicle. The aim of this study was to investigatethe use of a neck balance system together ...