The incidence, severity and prevention of injuries in karate
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Obiective The purpose of the study is to investigate any differences in the extent, severity, anatomical site and mechanism of injuries in male and female karate athletes. (Each sample was looked at in depth by looking at both training and competition) Method Questionnaires were distributed to compile data from 25 male karateka attd25 female karateka regarding injuries sustained from January l't 2003 through to the present date. Results The male sample sustained more injuries than the female sample. Both samples sustained more minor injuries in training, and more major injuries in competition. Soft tissue contusions (bruising) and muscle strains/sprains were the most common types of injury for both samples, with females sustaining more bone fractures than the male sample. Offensive punches and kicks, as well as the blocking of hard punches and kicks resulting in high incidence of overuse injuries were the main mechanisms of injury for both the male and female karateka. Re-injury was higher in training compared to competition for both males (315%) and females Qa.2%). Conclusions Male karateka suffer more injuries, however the severity, anatomical site, nature and mechanism of these injuries are similar to those found in female karateka. Prevention strategies should be in place to further reduce the incidence of injury in football.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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