The relationship between emotions and performance in racket sports
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This project extends recent research investigating emotions and performance in sport. The purpose of this study was threefold, firstly to explore the relationship between emotions experienced prior to the best and worst performance, secondly to examine the differences between emotion intensþ of the best and worst performance, and finally to investigate the frequency of optimising and dysfirnctional emotions. Consistent with Pensgaard and Duda's (2003) study, thirteen emotions were investigated, eight positively toned emotions (enthusiastic, certain, ready, huppy, safe, determined, relaxed and optimistic) and five negatively toned emotions (atrgry, afraid, tired, anxious and pessimistic). Eighty-eight collegiate racket sport participants (57 male and 31 female) ranging in ability from club to international level were tested with regards to the intensity and function of recalled pre-competitive emotions experienced before their best and worst performances. In general the participants reported that positively toned emotions were optimising to performance and negatively toned emotions were indicative to dysfi.rnctional performance. Furthermore it was determined both positive and negative relationships existed between the emotions, and that there was no significant difference between the emotion intensity of relaxed (çt : .249), afraid (p : .110) and anxious (p : .413) emotions on the best and worst performance. The findings are discussed in relation to previous research and in terms of their practical implications for sports performance.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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