Sources of acute stress and coping strategies of football goalkeepers
Bennett, Troy Matthew
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This investigation had three purposes: Firstly, to identifli the sources of acute stress experienced by male football goalkeepers. Secondly, to identiSr and describe the coping strategies used by those goalkeepers to deal with the acute stress experienced. Finally, to examine the relationship between the coping strategies and stress sources. Participants were six male goalkeepers whose ages ranged from 20 to 24. IJsing a qualitative methodology, the participants were interviewed in a semi-structured format about their experiences as goalkeepers. The interview transcripts were inductively content analysed. General stress dimensions reported by more lhan 50/o of the goalkeepers included (a) high performance standards based on expected potential, (b) competitive anxiety and self doubts, (c) physical and physiological demands on resources, and (d) negative significant other relationships. General coping dimensions reported by more than 50o/o of the goalkeepers were (a) coping with unwanted physical and psychological symptoms, (b) utilising mental practice techniques and stress management, (c) positive thinking and self talk, and (d) no specific coping strategy. In accordance with the observations of Compas (1987) and Folkman and Lazarus (1985), the coping efforts of the goalkeepers were not limited to particular strategies nor to single approaches to dealing with a particular stressor but, rather, reflected a dynamic complex process involving a number of strategies, often in combination.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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