American title IX sports legislation law: implications for the development of UWIC women's football club
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this study was to determine if an American Sports Legislat(ve Law could be applied within the University sports environment of Britain. The study involved the analysis of Title IX, an equality of opportunities law that provides women in America with an equal footing to participation of athletics through educational institutions. Women's sport has traditionally been associated with male domination and masculine models. Football has historically provided these values; however, through equality of opportunity and Title IX women are providing more and more evidence that they can compete with their male counterparts. The fundamental principle of this study was to identify how Title IX within the UWIC sports process could contribute to gain equality of opportunity for the women's football team in comparison to the male teams in the University. The evaluation of data was performed by the use of qualitative measures in the form of semi-structured interviews. The sample population comprised 6 adult sports administrators from both America and UWIC. Results showed the factors that have an impact on providing opportunities for women within the football environment of the University. In conclusion, the results of the study acknowledged the different models that the American and British sport systems work within; a professional emphasis for America and the British amateur ethos. Regardless of the difference in delivery, the indications for UWIC were about the institution addressing the issue of equalLl opportunities upon development and growth and not on the basis of financial implications.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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