Analysis of technical effectiveness of elite netball passing and shooting between winning and losing teams
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of the study was to analyse the patterns of play in the centre and attacking third between successful and unsuccessful elite international teams with specific reference to areas in which shots and passes were made, the player who made them and the outcome. The study was conducted using a hand notation system that consisted of a grid and a table for each team and quarter of play. The notation was post event over a period of 60 minutes, in conjunction with pre-recorded video tapes of international matches ranging from 2001 to 2003. Chi-square and a Mann Whitney U test were used to compare winning and losing teams. A reliability study was conducted, intra-operator reliability was tested using a test and retest method, and inter-operator reliability test was a comparison of the analyst results against a second observers. Both intra and inter reliability tests were found to be reliable. The results showed that there were no significant differences in shooting efficiency and number of passes made between winning and losing teams (P > 0.05). Also there were no significant differences in the areas in which the ball was passed between winning and losing teams (P > 0.05). However, winning teams created significantly more shooting opportunities compared to losing teams (P < 0.01). There was also a significant difference between the types of passes completed between winning and losing teams (P < 0.01). Winning teams completed more chest passes and fewer lob and shoulder passes than expected whilst losing teams completed less chest passes and more lob and shoulder passes than expected. Centres in winning teams made significantly less passes than expected whilst centres in losing teams made more passes than expected in proportion to the number of passes taken. However, winning teams wing attacks and goal shooters made more passes than expected and the same positions for losing teams made less passes than expected (P < 0.01).
BSc (Hons) Sport, P.E. and Recreation
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