A comparison of the attitudes shown towards physical education by boys and girls at the onset of key stage 3 and the onset of key stage 4
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this study was to examing and compare possible age and gender differences with respect to pupils' attitudes towards physical education (PE). Moreover, it identified those factors that influence interest and participation. An attitude questionnaire was completed by a total of 500 pupils, 250 pupils (125 boys: 125 girls) at both Key Stage 3 (age 11.7: SD 0.4 years) and Key Stage 4 (age 14.9: SD 0.5 years). The questionnaire provided information on general attitude, the PE curriculum, and personal factors within PE, which may affect an individual's attitude towards the subject. Using the survey package SNAP version 7, results showed that generally children exhibited a positive attitude towards PE. However, increasing age was shown to contribute to a negative attitude towards physical education. Overall, boys were found to demonstrate more positive attitudes towards physical education than girls. They were also less affected by environmental factors. Many of the children irrespective of age or gender viewed PE to be a fun and enjoyable subject. Therefore, a well structured PE program, which provides a mixture of activities, can provide an environment where school PE can become challenging, enjoyable and satisfying for many children, which may in turn lead to continued participation into adulthood.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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