A notation based review of the short corner event at the female 2000 Olympic hockey qualifier and 2002 Champions trophy
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The rationale for this study was empirical evidence which suggested the short corner to be an integral (or match winning) variable in today’s elite level international hockey (Laird and Sutherland, 1998; Doiran, 2004). It has also been documented that the use of notation can help refine the short corner process and ultimately improve conversion rates (Wilson, 1987). The study’s main objective was determine whether factors such as position of shot, method of shot, defensive setup, and number of touches had any effect on conversion rates. It also looked to examine whether any statistically significant differences were apparent between the four continents, the profiles of the successful and unsuccessful teams and the profile of the teams present in the 2000 and 2002 competitions. A specifically designed hand notation system was approved (<5% error was reported when an intra-observer test was completed) and used to notate 329 short corners from the elite level of female hockey. The data were gathered from the 13 elite level sides who partook in the 2000 Olympic Qualifying Event (Milton Keynes, UK)and 2002 Champions Trophy (Macau, IND). The findings were tested for statistical significance using the Xi2, as the data failed to fulfil the assumptions required for a parametric test. It was found that there were overall incidence rates of 9.57 corners per game, with a conversion rate of 11.7%. It was concluded that the most proficient routine was that of the ‘switched’ strike, where-by the ball is either flicked or struck towards the extreme corners of the goal (with 4-5 touches been taken). Unsuccessful corners resulted more frequently when either the keeper or defender deflected a goal bound shot, or the possession was lost by the attacking side, (illegal stop, slow injection, off-target shot).
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