The influence on national playing styles in Euro 2004 by the technical ability of playing squads
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of the study was to provide a technical analysis of the teams in group D of Euro 2004 and provide an insight into whether technical ability dictates national playing styles. The fundamental techniques of association football were identified (Wade, 1978), each technique was studied with regards to the creation of desirable perturbations (Hughes at al., 2001) in the game and rated on a positive negative continuum of +3 to -3. A hand notation system was used to record the data which was then entered into Microsoft access for analysis. Chi-squared and percentage error were used to test the significance of the data. Analysis of the technical execution by teams in group D of Euro 2004 of the fundamental techniques in association football, led to visualisation of individual, team unit and overall technical profiles. Further analysis of these profiles led to the illumination of national playing styles. Through the use of technical analysis it was possible to clarify the effectiveness of each of these national styles and elucidate the degree to which the level of technical execution influences that effectiveness. Of the teams analysed, the Czech Republic were found to have the consistently highest technical rating and most efficient use of technique. It was concluded that consistent and high execution of the fundamental techniques of football results in an efficient and successful playing style, moreover the level of technique available to the coach dictates the playing style and system that is to be deployed.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
A study to investigate whether participation in a stretch programme improves performance in student dancers. Young, Taryn (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Since the fifteenth century dance has been defined by functional technique characterised, for example in ballet, by long aesthetic lines and high levels of flexibility. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Wildley, Peter (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2008)Existing notational analysis conducted with association football has primarily focused upon quantitatively analysing tactical aspects of performance and until recent years there has been a scarcity of studies qualitatively ...
Probert, Gary (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2006)Since the early work of Reep and Benjamin (1968), many aspects of association football have been utilised by researchers within notational analysis. Several researchers (Reilly and Holmes, 1983; Luhtanen, 1988; Dufour, ...