A comparison of somatotype components between elite and non-elite female field hockey players
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The main objective of this paper was to establish whether there is a significant difference in somatotype component's between elite and non-elite female field hockey players. Thirty-two female field hockey players were assessed according to the Heath- Carter method of somatotyping. An independent f-test was used to determine whether there were any statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in the somatotype components (endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy) between elite (UWIC ls team) and non-elite (UWIC 3'd team) female field hockey players. It was found that there were no significant differences in mesomorphy between the elite and non-elite players. There was however, a signifïoant difference between the players of different levels in the somatotype components of ectomorphy and endomorphy. The elite players reported a higlrer ectomorphy mean (2.0) than the non-elite player's mean (1.3). Endomorphy was also significantly lower (4.1) for the elite players mean (4.1) compared to the non-elite player's mean (5.5). Further analysis of each playrng position (midfield, forward and defence) compared differences between playing level. Elite defenders revealed significantly higher ectomorphy (2.2) compared to non-elite defender's mean (1,2) and significantly lower endomorphy (3.8) compared to the non-elite defender's mean (6.0). No significant differences were recorded for the positions of forward and midfield.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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