An exploratory study into social physique anxiety within three different exercise modalities
Cardiff Metropolitan University
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether social physique anxiety (SPA), reasons for exercise and body size satisfaction (BSS) differed between three exercise modalities, namely aerobics, swimming and the gym. This was in order to determine whether SPA is related to age, BSS and self-presentational reasons for exercising and whether it would differ depending on the exercise activity. Participants (n=81)were recruited from a local leisure centre in the North Cornwall area and participated in one of the exercise modalities. Subjects completed the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) questionnaire; the Reasons for Exercising lnventory (REl); Body Size Satisfaction (BSS) scale and their Date of Birth (DOB). ln contrast to previous findings, pearson correlation co-efficients revealed that age was not significantly correlated with SPA. Although consistent with previous investigations, SPA was found to have a significant relationship with both BSS (r = .523; p < .001) and reasonsforexercise (weightControl r=0'28, p= 0'011 and BodyTone r= 0'352, p= 0.001). Analysis indicated that there was a significant difference (Fz, ß=5.191, p = 0.008) for SPA between the exercise modalities. Tukey's follow-up tests revealed that there were significant differences between aerobics (35.41 t 1.69) and swimming (29.38 t.1.43) and, swimming and gym users (36.11 t1.67) but not between aerobics and gym users. Analysis of reasons for exercising between the exercise modalities revealed significant differences for three of the seven REI sub-scales, mood enhancement (F2, 7s=4.057), health (Fz, rc=3.743), and body tone (F2, 7s=4.667). Follow-up tests revealed, Mood Enhancement was significantly different between aerobics (20.85 t 0.91) and swimming (17.73 t 0.96), Body Tone was significantly different between gym users (16.61 t 0.51) and swimmers (13.77 t 0.88), while Health was significantly different between swimminS Q1.12 t 0.69) and gym users (22.29 t 0.8). The results allows for the rejection of all null hypotheses with the exception of the SPA and age hypothesis whereby the null hypothesis was accepted. The fìndings of this study, therefore supports most of the previous research in that SPA can have an effect upon exercise behaviours. lt would therefore be interesting for future research to further investigate the relationship SPA has in relation to sedentary individuals, in an attempt to increase the general public's participation and therefore strive towards a healthier nation.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
CHANGES IN LEFT VENTRICULAR FUNCTION AND MORPHOLOGY IN RESPONSE TO HIGH-INTENSITY, CROSS-TRAINING. Edwards, Daniel (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2012)It is a widely accepted concept that different exercise modalities produce different effects of myocardial hypertrophy in athletes; a sport-specific hypothesis proposed by Morganroth et al. (1977). The literature would ...
Armstrong, Craig (2014-09)Purpose: The primary purpose of this investigation was to identify how myocardial work responds at different ventilatory threshold (VT) points. Method: Subjects completed a standardised incremental exercise test to ...
Cogan, Samantha (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Background – Power restoration between sets of high intensity exercise is an important factor in improving performance. Many interventions, such as sports massage and active recovery, have been utilised to enhance muscle ...