A kinematic and kinetic analysis of the sprint start
Parker, Andrew David
Cardiff Metropolitan University
MetadataShow full item record
In an effort to investigate the effect of kinetic and kinematic variables during the sprint start, seven elite male sprinters were used as subjects. Maximal sprints were analysed using optojump (Microgate SRL) and force-time parameters were measured on a force platform. Time to 10m lvas recorded as 2.02 + 0.08s. The peak horizontal force out of the blocks (1041 t 148N) was found to be significantly related to time to 10m (r : -0.866, p<0.05). This result suggests that a sprinter must be capable of applying as much force in the horizontal direction as possible during the sprint start. Non-significant relationships (p>0.05) were established between flight time, contact time, stride frequency, peak lateral-medial force, block time, horizontal loading rate and vertical loading rate when compared with time to 10m. However, there was a noticeable trend between a fast time to lOm and a larger stride length (r : 4-729), higher peak vertical force (r : -0.713), gteater horizontal impulse (r : -0.741) and a greater vertical impulse Q: -0.748), although the relationships were non-significant (p>0.05). The results of this investigation suggest that an effective sprint start requires an optimum combination of a number of kinetic and kinematic variables, even though peak horizontal force was identified as the rnost important variable during the sprint start.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
McCabe, Callum (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2012)The study aimed to investigate differences in the kinematics of the sprint start and initial acceleration phase on the straight and a banked indoor-bend running track. The sprint start and initial acceleration phase has ...
A three dimensional analysis of three sprint starting positions identifying the key kinetic and kinematic variables associated with success Thomas, James (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2006)The sprint starts of 6 elite Male sprinters were filmed for three different sprint start conditions through an 18 point calibration volume (4.4 x 1.3 x 1.98 m). The sample consisted of, 6 elite male sprinters, stature 182.6 ...
Cooke, Mark (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Sprint speed is a fundamental determinant in successful performance within rugby union. Literature has displayed relationships between muscular strength, power and speed. However there is conflicting evidence over ...