The effects of imagery on athletic performance
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of the investigation was to find out how imagery effects performance. In-depth interview techniques were employed to investigate the effects imagery had on performance of six track athletes (mean age, 2l years, SD:1.09) with performance profiles of international standard. Interviews were recorded and data drawn from verbatim transcrþs, before inductive causal networks were developed based on the responses of the sample population. It was found that internal imagery was the effective perspective used and external imagery just caused distraction to the athletes, having a detrimental effect on performance. A further finding was the importance of ability to control and have vivid images for this improvement in performance to occur in using internal imagery. It was concluded in order for performance to improve, internal imagery should be used and the images should be vivid and controlled to produce positive thoughts. It was therefore suggested that the athletes should be encouraged to practice imagery regular to achieve this ability to have vivid and controlled images. These results extended knowledge of the effect imagery has on performance from a qualitative perspective and although further research may be required to improve the applicability of the findings to track athletes of all levels and in a range of sports.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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