Heart rate during training and competition in Welsh junior table tennis players
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The aim of this study was to investigate heart rate responses of Welsh junior table tennis players during training and competition, identifying the differences between the mean percentages of estimated maximum heart rate achieved during both playing environments. There were eight players involved (six male, two female) mean age 15.62 years, height 1.69 m, body mass 59.60 kg and body fat percentage 9.61%. Heart rate was recorded using telemetry at five-second intervals, throughout one day at a National training camp and during one day of the 'Welsh junior league competition. Players were involved in the same training exercises. All players competed in six singles matches during the competition day, and most players were also involved in up to three doubles matches' Competition produced a significantly higher mean percentage of estimated maximum heart rate (72.70 + 6.2%) than training (64.70 + 3.32%o), (P : 0.001). During competition the mean percentage of time (63.1 t 19.6%) spent above 70o/o estimated maximum heart rate was significantly higher (P :0.000), than during training (34.1+ 14.7%). The study has shown competitive matches produce higher heart rates than training conditions. The practical implications of these results include training needs to be adapted to ensure players achieve higher heart tate intensities for a longer period of time, with an aim to maintain the heart rates achieved during competitions. Technical improvement and stroke development form an essential part of training sessions, however players must train at higher exercise intensities to increase their heart rate, and hence improve their physiological anaerobic capabilities. This study reports similar conclusions of higher heart rates during competitions and match play, to previous research in other spofs including badminton (Hughes, 1994) and soccer (Rohde and Esperson, 1988).
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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