An insight into the temporal patterns of social support in injured athletes
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The psychological effects of injury have become a prevalent topic for research over recent decades. Research that has been conducted has shown that social support is an important moderating variable in the rehabilitation of injured athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate different types of social support (emotional, esteem, informational and tangible) offered to athletes following an injury (n : 35) and the time phase in which this support was given. To measure this, a new measurement tool the SSIIA (Evans &Hardy,2002) was used, this determined the temporal pattem of social support. The participants received a set of four identical questionnaires, to be completed at four different time phases during their injury. A repeated measures analysis of variance (MANOVA RM) was conducted on the completed questionnaires, to locate any significant findings. The results produced have shown that there was significance, between emotional support between time phase 1 and time phase 4. No other significant results between support types or over time phase were found. Reasons for the high level of only emotional support can be perhaps linked to the Grief Model, (Brewer, 1994) as following a stressful event the immediate emotional response can be controlled by the presence of support. Also identification of the type of support perceived by the athlete suggests a link with research by Bianco & Eklund, (2002) perceived vs received support. With the results produced hopefully further investigation can be done into the social support types offered to athletes over a time period.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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