Design and implementation of a hand notation system to analyse the effect of the seasonal change on rugby league
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The study aimed to design and implement a hand notation system, which had the ability to examine the effect of the seasonal change upon the patterns of play in rugby league. The system allowed the researcher to collect a wealth of data relating to a series of actions, which were identified as being key to rugby league. These actions were then examined against the variables of tackle, time, area of field and receiver, in order to identify the tactics involved in the game' The notation system was used to notate a total of sixteen rugby league games, eight taken before the seasonal change and eight taken after. All games involved the teams of St Helens and Wigan. The raw data was collated, then organised and presented into the relevant formats of graphs and tables. Statistical analysis was carried out to assess associations in the pattems of play, the chi square test was deemed to be appropriate as the data was non-parametric, discrete and frequency orientated. Statistical analysis of the two teams, found a greater number of significant changes in the patterns of play for St Helens. Significant differences were identified in the amount of passes, off-loads, dummy half runs and hit ups during the summer. Whereas during winter the only action, which was significantly affected was the amount of dummy half runs. For Wigan the data suggested a general increase in the amount of off-loads from winter to summer. No real change was found in the number of hit ups or dummy half runs suggesting the same tactics were used by Wigan in both eras. The study concluded that the seasonal change had varied affects on both teams' Subsequently St Helens were seen to be affected significantly more than Wigan. Therefore, further analysis from a more representative sample of the population, was recommended in order to broaden the scope of the study thus reflecting British rugby league as a whole.
BSc (Hons) Sport, PE and Recreation
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