The differences in emotional responses experienced due to injury between elite and non-elite swimmers
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The current study was designed to investigate the differences in emotional responses experienced due to the occurrence of injury between elite and non-elite swimmers. The study is one of the first to investigate the differences between levels of participation and the psychological responses experienced due to a sporting injury. A quantitative method of analysis was used with thirty-four elite swimmers (M = 19.85 years, SD = ±2.28) and thirty-six non-elite swimmers (M = 19.72 years, SD = ±1.81) completing the Psychological Response to Sports Injury Inventory (PRSII). A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to examine the data, which enabled a greater understanding of the emotional responses experienced between elite and non-elite swimmers over the six psychological variables; devastation, dispirited, reorganisation, cheated, restlessness and isolation. No significant differences were found (F= 0.957; P= 0.462) between the emotional responses experienced by elite and non-elite swimmers. Although no significant results were established, assumptions were made to determine factors that may influence the emotional responses experienced between elite and non-elite swimmers including; severity of injury, classification of level of participation, personality types, coping skills and social support. Understanding the emotional responses experienced by elite and non-elite swimmers may help researches to assist coaches and injured athletes by facilitating a more effective rehabilitation programme.
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