An investigation into year 6 (10-11 year olds) pupils’ physical literacy journey and physical activity levels at two Welsh primary schools in South Wales.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Physical literacy has become a prime focus in physical education (Giblin et al. 2014). It aims to provide individuals with the confidence, motivation, physical competence and the knowledge and understanding to pursue with physical activity throughout their life course (Whitehead 2010a). Research surrounding physical literacy has shown that motivation and confidence are two key attributes of physical literacy that support an individuals participation in physical activity or simply to cope with the demands of everyday life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physical literacy journey and physical activity levels of year 6 (10-11 years) pupils at two Welsh primary schools situated in two different geographical locations in South Wales, thus being the city and the Valleys. Further aims include discovering whether gender or geographical locations have an influence on confidence and motivation aspects of an individual’s physical literacy journey and physical activity levels. Forty five year 6 pupils (22 male and 24 female), aged 10-11, completed two questionnaires that aimed to measure motivation, confidence and physical activity levels. Data analysis revealed that no significant differences were discovered between motivation, confidence, physical activity levels and gender/geographical locations. However, confidence and motivation demonstrated a significant strong relationship (r = 0.616, p <0.001). The findings can provide information to teachers to support them when planning physical education lessons or ensuring physical activity opportunities that will provide children with the motivation in order for them to gain self-confidence in their own ability. The findings also suggest that improving a child’s self confidence in physical activity will make an individual feel motivated to continue with physical activity throughout their life course (Whitehead 2010a).
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