Factors that affect the participation of girls in sport and physical activity at a co-educational
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this study was to explore factors that affect the participation of girls in sport and physical activity post transition to secondary school. More specifically, it explored various factors in relation to sports participation, including self-presentational concerns, enjoyment, PE lessons, Physical Activity (PA) opportunities and social support. A coeducational school and a girls’ only school were used to provide a comparison of how girls viewed such factors within the two different settings. No previous research had directly compared girls’ physical activity participation in these two settings. Research has explored the transition phase with regard to academic subjects; however, little research has investigated the affect the transitional period has with regard to physical activity levels. Questionnaires were given to 200 girls in Years 7-9 in two independent schools in South Wales, one girl’s only school, and one co-educational school. Following the analysis of the questionnaires, through the use of SNAP 11, 7 one-to-one interviews were conducted. The interviews explored the themes questioned in the questionnaire, allowing for greater depth of information to arise during the study. A thematic analysis was undertaken to analyse the questionnaire data. Interestingly, the results contradicted previous research which suggested that girls’ participation in physical activity and sport is negatively affected by factors such as perceptions of femininity, a lack of enjoyment and a dislike of PE lessons. Girls in this study did not consider elements such as PE kit and the presence of boys whilst participating in sport and physical activity as deterring factors. Secondary PE and PA opportunities were viewed very positively by the majority of girls. With regard to social support, results proved that the level of influence of parents, friends and teachers have with regard to PE and PA changes throughout the transitional period and thus varies with age. Girls raised a new issue relating to the quality of PE lessons during primary school and lack of sports opportunities in primary school. Overall, it was suggested that primary school did not sufficiently prepare the girls for secondary PE and PA. completed the Modified Sources of Sport-Confidence Questionnaire (M-SSCQ; Magyar and Duda, 2000) and the Re-injury Anxiety Inventory (RIAI; Walker Thatcher & Lavallee, 2010). Following multiple regression results indicated that social support (P < .05) significantly contributed to the prediction of re-injury anxiety intensities and frequencies within rehabilitation. During return to sport there were significant predictive relationships evident between re-injury anxiety intensity and demonstration of ability (P < .01), physical self-presentation (P < .01) and mastery (P < .05). While frequency of re-injury anxiety was predicted by demonstration of ability (P < .01), mastery (P < .05) and social support (P < .05). The findings suggest that different sources of confidence are significantly related to levels of re-injury anxiety, showing specific sources either increase or decrease levels of re-injury anxiety within both rehabilitation and upon return to sport. Future research is necessary within both qualitative and quantitative forms in order to explain how and why the results show certain sources to affect re-injury anxiety.
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
The relationship between sources of confidence and re-injury anxiety in athletes returning to sport from injury. Beal, James (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)Previous research has focussed mainly on the psychological responses of injury onset and rehabilitation opposed to what sources of confidence are more salient for an athlete when returning to sport and how this influences ...
Hother, Zoe (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)The aim of this present study was to investigate the relationship between sources of confidence and re-injury anxiety. Participants comprised injured athletes (N=32), who had been unable to participate in sport for at ...
Wright-Hamilton, Amy (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Despite the importance afforded to re-injury anxiety in an injured athlete’s return to sport and the suggestion that confidence may off-set this, there has been a lack of focused research into the relationship between ...