Analysis of physiological loads imposed on players within a training and competitive environment in football
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The aim of the present study was to assess differences in heart rates between training and competition within football. From this assessment a training session was designed with the intention of eliciting a heart rate response that accurately reflected competition. Amateur football players (n=9) with (mean ± SD Age, 27.2 ± 4.6 years, height-1.80 ± 0.06 metres, BM 82.89 ± 9.39 kg, and a maximal heart rate of 196 ± 8 b min-1). Each participants heart rate was monitored during two training sessions, a match and a training session that had been designed based on the inaccuracy between the previous training and match performed, using heart rate telemetry equipment (Polar team system Kempele, Finland) that recorded heart rate at 5s intervals. Significant differences were found between all conditions above 80% HR max, with the greatest proportion of time spent above that (35.61%) resulting from the match. No significant differences were found below 80 % HR max between all conditions. The modified training session more accurately represented the match at an intensity above 90 % HR max when compared to the two previous training sessions. The findings of this study show training at this amateur club did not reflect the game monitored, which therefore needed a training session to be modified to simulate the demands of the game more closely. The study also highlighting the predominant aerobic nature of football, with a considerable amount of anaerobic energy production encountered during competition.
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