Sports Hernia Rehabilitation: A Review and Case Study Comparison
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This review pulls together the current literature about the characteristics, treatment, prevention methods, surgical procedures and post-surgical rehabilitation of sports hernias. Sports hernias usually occur during athletic activities that consist of sharp changes of direction, pivoting, kicking and twisting, such as those that occur during soccer, ice hockey or football. The main cause of a sports hernia is from the weakening of the posterior inguinal wall from high rates of sheer forces going through an imbalance of abdominal and adductor muscle activation. It is so rarely diagnosed properly due to such a number of other related pathologies having to be ruled out before considering a proper diagnosis. Surgery is supported to be more effective than conservative treatment, and laparoscopic techniques are often preferred for a faster recovery time than open repair. The literature available to date addressing the cause, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of a sports hernia is confusing and difficult to pinpoint. In order to help organise and justify research, a comparison between what current literature recommends and what experience a 22 year old male soccer player had will be made. Considerations such as event of injury, exercises prescribed, type of surgery, rehabilitation programme and recovery time will be taken into account.
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