EXPLORING THE IMPACT ON ENGAGEMENT OF YEAR 11 MALE STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS THROUGH IMPLEMENTING A TACTICAL GAMES APPROACH.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Physical Education (PE) lessons have been highlighted as the place to reach young people and promote a healthy active lifestyle, in an effort to overcome the current low physical activity (PA) levels. A social rationale is suggested for why pupils’ PE experiences are considered significant in pupils’ engagement with future PA and Sport. Griffin, Mitchell and Oslin (2006) outlined major rationale behind using the Tactical Games Approach (TGA) model in teaching which are associated with the affective and cognitive constructs of engagement. Therefore this study aimed to explore the impact on engagement of Year 11 male pupils in PE lessons through implementing a TGA, by means of qualitative inquiry. After 4 TGA PE lesson Football teaching block, taught by the researcher, 4 higher engaged and 3 lower engaged male Year 11 pupils from the class shared their opinions on the TGA in 2 semi-structured group interviews, with their respective engagement-level peers. Thematic data analysis led to the emergence of three key themes; Inclusion; Cognitive Engagement; and Affective Engagement. The study found that pupils valued inclusive aspects such as, equality and team involvement, which they perceived the TGA to impose within lessons, bringing about improved affective and behavioural engagement. Pupils described their increased cognitive engagement through the psychological investment and mental effort they exerted to overcome tactical challenges in the TGA’s new and variety of activities. Pupils expressed increased affective engagement towards gameplay elements. Furthermore, pupils voiced their perception that there was a reduction in negative feelings and interactions amongst peers as a result of the TGA. Further exploration of this pedagogical area of research and practice could examine the various aspects of student engagement in relation to the TGA with females, across various year groups or on a larger geographical scale.
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