The Effects of Kinesiology Tape and Conventional Rigid Tape on Star Excursion Balance Test Performance
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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To identify whether conventional rigid tape or kinesiology tape had an effect on the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) within female hockey players. It was hypothesised that a substantial difference should be seen in respect to the distance achieved on the SEBT when using kinesiology tape compared to conventional rigid tape. A squad of female hockey players from Cardiff Metropolitan University participated within the study (N = 16). The study utilised a single group, all completed the SEBT under three different protocols, three times for each protocol, on three separate days. There tests were carried out with 24 hours between each day to limit familiarisation and improving through practice. The SEBT was used to measure the participants’ dynamic balance by reaching out in eight different directions and measuring the distance. A closed basket weave taping measure was the chosen method of taping for the conventional rigid tape whereas kinesiology tape used three strips which followed the lateral ligaments of the ankle. Subjects were barefooted, and their dominant leg was used as the stance leg and hence, the taped leg. Results demonstrated that, excluding one direction; medial, a further mean reach distance was achieved with kinesiology tape. Also exclusive of two directions; anterior and posteromedial, a shorter mean distance was produced from rigid tape. Repeatedmeasures ANOVA was executed to determine whether the mean distances achieved were significant. Results of the ANOVA indicated that there was a significant difference in two groups; lateral and posterolateral (p< 0.05). In addition to this, a Bonferroni post-hoc test revealed the significant difference arose between; no tape and kinesiology tape (p = 0.047) in the posterolateral direction and rigid tape and kinesiology tape (p = 0.020) within the lateral direction. Differences can be identified for the reaching distances between conventional rigid tape, kinesiology tape and no tape within the different directions of the SEBT. While the patterns have been identified, further research is needed to increase the statistical power of the study by broadening the subject area to develop a sound underpinning of the effects of the tape and in turn, their effect on balance.
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