Social support; the relationship with the psychological responses to injury during the initial phase of rehabilitation in association football players
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Vast research has been undertaken in the area of psychological responses to athletic injury and how personal and social factors affect such responses. It has become apparent that social support is highly recognised form of facilitating coping both before and during the course of rehabilitation. However, research has failed to understand how individual types of social support will moderate the responses felt by athletes during certain phases of the rehabilitation. In an effort to explore the individual support types and their relationships with how athlete responds psychologically, 41 association footballers completed both the Psychological Responses to Sport Injury Inventory and the Social Support Inventory for Injured Athletes at the end of the initial time phase of their rehabilitation. The data gathered from the measures was analysed using the standard multiple regression technique to test four support type specific hypotheses. The data gathered produced non-significant results (p>0.05) and thus accepting all four of the null hypotheses. Each of the four support types tested (emotional, informational, tangible, and esteem) were found to have no significant affect on each of the psychological responses (isolation, feeling cheated, devastation, reorganisation, and dispirited) (p=0.57; 0.22; 0.30; 0.13; 0.73) respectively. The study in general shows that social support has no affect in the way sports team members will respond psychologically to injury. However, small variances were accounted for by social support and thus offer a need for further research into the area.
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