Is ankle dorsiflexion range of motion affected by pre and post field hockey training and match, in gender?
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Purpose: To examine the effects of pre and post field hockey activity on ankle dorsiflexion in males and females, and to broaden the current knowledge by identifying the mechanism of ankle injury occurrence. It was hypothesised that ankle dorsiflexion will increase from pre to post field hockey activity in both males and females. Methods: University level male and female field hockey players (N=22) completed a three-week data collection process in three training and three match situations. Pre and post measurements of ankle dorsiflexion range of motion were calculated each session through a knee to wall touch. Results: Ankle dorsiflexion range of motion increase pre to match field hockey activity, with match results having a larger impact. Right limb having higher results than the left, but the left limb providing a larger difference from pre to post field hockey. Males have a greater significant difference in distance to wall (cm) than females. (P=<0.05), as with defenders (Right, 0.017; left, 0.043). Conclusion: There are significant differences between male and female in ankle dorsiflexion pre to post activity. This is found to be a risk factor for ankle injuries to occur, which is shown from an increase in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion form pre to post activity. This varies depending on position and gender. The amount of ankle injuries that occur is a cause for concern, even though only minor injuries time out from sport could lead to further injuries. As this has been identified, further examination of length of playing time should be undertaken.
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