A breakdown of points scored in the Aviva premier league and Super 15
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The first and main objective of a rugby match is to score as many points as possible through the means of tries, conversions, penalties and drop goals (Johnson, 2009). Sufficient research has been conducted analysing try scoring and its effect on games, however, there is little current literature that analyses penalties. Based on this, this study looks to gain a further insight into penalties and how teams utilise them. This study will analyse origins, processes and final outcomes of penalties. A further aim of the study is to compare findings between northern and southern hemisphere teams. It was hypothesised that Southern hemisphere teams would opt to run the ball and kick to touch more often than the northern hemisphere teams. Overall a total of 267 penalties were analysed from ten games within the 2013/14 Aviva premiership and nine games from the 2014 Super 15 league. Each game was analysed using Studiocode (Version 5). A code window was developed including performance indicators to describe the full penalty process. Using a mann-whitney U test was used within IBM SPSS (Version 19.0) kicks to touch (p<0.01), kicks at goal (p<0.01) and unsuccessful kicks at goal (p<0.03) were all found to be significantly different between the two hemispheres. Findings suggested that southern hemisphere teams opt to kick at goal more frequently from penalties, whereas In contrast, northern hemisphere sides opt to kick to touch more frequently. Findings also suggest that northern hemisphere teams are far more efficient when kicking at goal from penalties than southern hemisphere teams
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