The Effects of Sports Massage on Psychological Mood State and the Credibility of Thermogenic Hypothesis
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Aim – The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of sports massage on psychological mood state and to test the credibility of the thermogenic hypothesis. Method – Twenty three healthy students from Cardiff Metropolitan University participated in the study. All subjects completed three 15-min interventions: Sports Massage, Steady State Exercise and Rest. These conditions were randomised and took place seven days apart over a three week period. The massage consisted of slow to moderate superficial techniques (effleurage and petrissage) to stimulate the quadriceps muscle group. Participants’ psychological mood state was assessed both prior and post each condition; this was measured by the Physical Activity Affect Scale Questionnaire. Thermogenic hypothesis was assessed by measuring skin temperature, both pre and post each 15-min intervention; this represented individuals’ perception of heat. It was then compared against participants’ mood state changes to establish credibility of thermogenic hypothesis. Results – A two way repeated measures Anova revealed that massage intervention had a significant effect on tranquillity mood subscale (P <0.001). The effects on fatigue and negative affect reported lack of significance following massage intervention (P>0.05). A significant difference was observed between sports massage and exercise groups on the skin temperature (P <0.001). Conclusion – The current findings suggest that 15-min sports massage has a significant effect on increasing tranquillity. It can be stated that the effects sports massage has on psychological mood state are still inconclusive due to the insignificant results produced for fatigue and negative affect subscales. Supportive evidence for the thermogenic hypothesis was determined by detecting improvement in mood state in conjunction with the rise in the skin temperature. Further research is required to support these findings.
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