An investigation into the differences in Psychological Responses of Sports Injuries overtime from onset to return to sport following an injury..
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The current study was designed to investigate the difference over time in psychological emotional responses experienced at the three stages of injury; onset, rehabilitation and return to sport. The study is one of the first to investigate the differences in responses over time at the three stages. A quantitative method of analysis was utilised with thirty one injured athletes from club to elite level (M= 25.9 years, SD= ± 11.92 years) completing the Psychological Responses to Sport Injury Inventory Questionnaire (PRSSI) by Evans, et. al (2008) and taking part in a range of team sports consisting of; Hockey, Rugby, Athletics and Football. A repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance was used to examine the data gathered which enabled the evaluation of findings of the five subscales of the PRSII; devastation, reorganisation, feeling cheated, restlessness and isolation. There was some support for a difference in emotions over time with Devastation and Reorganisation however, for Feeling Cheated, Restlessness and Isolation there was no significant difference. Results revealed that during the onset of their injury every participant suffered from negative emotional responses, whereas during the rehabilitation the participants experienced a decrease in negative responses as time progressed. A significant difference lies between the phases for Devastation and Reorganisation. For Devastation the difference is between phase 1 and 3 and for Reorganisation it is between phase 1 and 3 and phase 2 and 3. The descriptive table shows that the change for Devastation is a decrease between 1 and 3 and for Reorganisation and increase from phase 1 to 3 and 2 to 3. This suggests that there is some support for a move from negative to more positive emotions for Devastation and Reorganisation. Although there was no significant difference found for 3 of the 5 subscales assumptions were made to determine factors that may influence emotional responses. Understanding the emotional responses experienced during different phases of injury will help researchers to inform psychologists and then coaches on strategies to put in place to prevent extreme emotions occurring or aid in managing these emotions.
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