The influence of adolescent physical activity experiences on young-adult physical activity participation
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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This study aimed to investigate factors during adolescence which influence young adult PA participation, and identify those factors which distinguish active participants from the inactive. A self-designed questionnaire was distributed (n=110) to active and inactive individuals (ages 18-25) who were asked to recall experiences from their adolescent years (11-16). Participants were asked questions related to; behaviours and perceptions of their parents; siblings and peers; PE experiences; involvement in physical activity and motives for involvement. (11-16). Variables found to be most significantly related (P < 0.01) to current physical activity participation included; previous physical activity participation, perceptions of a physically active father, direct support (money for kit or membership) and indirect support (talk about training or matches, encouragement, watching matches or training) from parents, perception of physically active friends, positive attitudes to P.E, participating in a range of physical activities, being a member of a physical activity club or team and having a preference for team sports. The following variables were also found to be related to physical activity, although not so significantly (P < 0.05); perceiving parents as ‘health conscious’, perception of physically active siblings and engaging in activity with siblings. 2 ii The main motive for physical activity participation during adolescence was enjoyment, whereas during adulthood it was to enhance image. Time barriers were the most frequently reported by adults when asked to give reasons for non-participation.
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