‘Women can’t referee’: exploring the experiences of female football officials within UK football culture
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this article is to explore the experiences of four female football officials who officiate in men‟s and boy‟s football matches in the UK. The research presents a view of men‟s football from a position that has hitherto been overlooked in the social exploration of football culture. Drawing upon ethnographic data collected over a four-month period, the article offers an insight into some women‟s experiences of sexism and marginalization in predominantly male football contexts. Participant observations, formal semi-structured interviews and a range of informal conversations facilitated in-depth data collection. The results demonstrate a wide range of abuse at female football officials that could generally be construed as sexist. The women used various strategies to overcome the hostile attitudes that often greeted their presence on the football pitch. Moreover, they continuously negotiated their identities as females and football officials in a space where masculinity is prevalent.
- Masters Degrees (Sport) 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
‘Women can’t referee’: exploring the experiences of female football officials within UK football culture Forbes, Alison; Edwards, Lisa; Fleming, Scott (Taylor and Francis, 2014-02-06)The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of female (association) football officials who officiate in amateur men’s and boys’ football matches in two UK counties (Warwickshire and Somerset). The research ...
Technology versus officials: What are the problems and issues caused by introducing the goal line technology in football and how does this affect the referees? Santiago, Karla (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2009)The study examines the different kinds of technology used in football and the importance of introducing Goal Line Technology to assist football officials. Therefore, the literature review highlights how other sports have ...
Rees, Carla (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2013)Much literature regarding women’s experiences in football has concerned the ways women who play football are perceived and treated within a predominantly masculine sport. However, while football has been extensively ...