ADAPTING THE BASKETBALL BOX-SCORE TO IDENTIFY THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO SUCCESS AT THE LONDON 2012 OLYMPIC GAMES
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The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that contribute to success at the highest level of international basketball, through determining the statistics which best discriminate between successful and unsuccessful teams at the Olympic Games. In doing so, an array of advanced adapted statistics encompassing the game were devised and examined alongside those found in a conventional box-score. The sample comprised of all 76 games from the 2012 London Olympic Games, covering the men’s and women’s competitions. Teams were classified as either a qualifier or a non-qualifier for the knockout phase of the tournament as a means of determining success. Discriminant analyses identified the variables that most distinguish a successful team from an unsuccessful team, recognising the adapted statistic of assist rate (discriminant function coefficient = 0.35), assists (0.34) and 2-point field goal percentage (0.32) as the most discriminative statistics in the men’s competition. In the women’s competition, the adapted statistics of effective field goal percentage (0.61), assist rate (0.56) and points per possession (0.53) were deemed discriminative, as well as assists (0.48), 2-point field goal percentage (0.42), 2-point field goals made (0.34) and 3-point field goal percentage (0.30). The findings can be used to inform player recruitment, dictate game strategies and direct training procedures with a view to achieving success. Additionally, the data published on the official website of FIBA was found to be reliable when examined using inter-observer testing procedures.
- Masters Degrees (Sport) 
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