Injury incidence, severity, aetiology and location amongst male amateur golfers, and the effect of warm up and physical conditioning on these factors
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The purpose of this study was to highlight the main self-reported anatomical sites of injury, their incidence, their severity, and their aetiology. The study also aimed to test the common and seemingly accepted view amongst golf injury literature that warm up prior to play and year round conditioning programmes reduce the risk of injury. 100 male golfers, either members of Ludlow golf club or visiting players, completed a 12-month retrospective self-designed questionnaire during the 2 day data collection period. Information was obtained from this questionnaire about golf participation, warm up habits, gym attendance, and injury history between 1st November 2003 and 31st October 2004. Chi square test was used to highlight any relationships between variables. A total of 37 injuries were reported, the shoulder and wrist were the most common sites of injury, the club head getting caught in the rough was the most commonly reported aetiology, and the majority of injuries prevented the subject from playing for 4-7 days (73%). 62% of subjects reported “usually warming up” before play and 21% reported attending the gym. There was no significant differences (p > 0.05) between age or handicap and warm up, handicap and gym attendance, warm up and injury contraction, gym attendance and injury contraction, age and injury contraction or handicap and injury contraction. There were significantly more (p <0.05) 18-41 year olds who attend the gym, compared with those aged 42 years and over. In summary, warm and physical conditioning does not appear to affect the contraction of injury amongst male amateur golfers. Either the quality of warming up and physically preparing is poor, and specific guidelines need to be drawn up to improve the quality of these practices, or the source of the problem is the repetitive use of a swing which is bio mechanically and technically insufficient. In which case golfers need to be encouraged to take lessons from professionals and professionals should be trained to coach the golf swing from an injury reduction perspective, rather than a performance perspective.
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