Behaviour: gender and season of birth- are they factors?.
Jones, Peredur Huw Morgan
University of Wales Institute, Cardiff.
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An examination of previous work on the relation of season of birth to low cognitive attainment suggests that an undue preponderance of Summer-born children might be found to underachieve cognitively. Also, research has shown that a relationship exists between cognitive attainment and behaviour. It has been suggested that boy's underachievement has been a problem for centuries. The purpose of this research was to investigate whether there was a relationship between season of birth, gender and behaviour. Data was gathered on pupils who had been identified with emotional and or behavioural difficulties at Stages 3-5 of the Code of Practice in the City and County of Cardiff. The sample was a non-probability sample and a particular form of sampling known as 'purposive' sampling. The method used in obtaining the information was the descriptive method in educational research known as the 'survey.' Two methods were used in gathering the information, the structured interview and the self-completion questionnaire. Data was gathered from mainstream schools, special schools and pupil referral units. The following data was gathered for the purpose of this study, gender, date of birth, family structure and social stratification. Analysis of the data in this study shows that there is a preponderance of boys on the register of the Code of Practice at stage 3, 4 or 5 with emotional and or behavioural difficulties in both mainstream schools and special schools. This study is not able to support the second hypothesis that disproportionately more summer than other season of birth are identified with behavioural problems.
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