Temporal changes in sources of sport confidence
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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This study examined the temporal changes in sources of sport confidence across five consecutive games in a sample sixteen female hockey players from one squad. Participants completed the Sources of Sport Confidence Questionnaire (SSCQ; Vealey et al., 1998) 1 hour prior to each game, along with a 6-item questionnaire which examined a number of performance variables. A repeated measures ANOVA was carried out which demonstrated that sources of physical/mental preparation, coaches leadership, support, environmental comfort and climate (source domain), changed over the five time periods. Bonferroni corrected t tests revealed that the sources of physical/mental preparation and coaches leadership changed significantly and that three of the performance variables changed in accordance with these sources, which were perceived opponent ability, importance of outcome and individual performance expectancies. A Linear regression analysis was performed which showed that the changes in the sources of confidence were not directly caused by any of the effects of any of the performance variables. Implications of the findings show that coaches need to be aware of the sources which are more susceptible to change and also need to focus on getting athletes to use more controllable sources of confidence, in order to maintain confidence levels. Recommended areas for further research were provided.
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