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dc.contributor.authorOatley, Giles
dc.contributor.authorCrick, Tom
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-21T11:28:32Z
dc.date.available2016-01-21T11:28:32Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationOatley, G. and Crick, T. (2015) 'Measuring UK Crime Gangs: A Social Network Problem', Social Network Analysis and Mining, 5(1), pp.1-16.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1869-5450
dc.identifier.issn1869-5469 (ESSN)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/7544
dc.descriptionThe author's post-print is available in this repository July 2016. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13278-015-0265-1en_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper describes the output of a study to tackle the problem of gang-related crime in the UK; we present the intelligence and routinely-gathered data available to a UK regional police force, and describe an initial social network analysis of gangs in the Greater Manchester area of the UK between 2000 and 2006. By applying social network analysis techniques, we attempt to detect the birth of two new gangs based on local features (modularity, cliques) and global features (clustering coefficients). Thus for the future, identifying the changes in these can help us identify the possible birth of new gangs (sub-networks) in the social system. Furthermore, we study the dynamics of these networks globally and locally, and have identified the global characteristics that tell us that they are not random graphs—they are small world graphs—implying that the formation of gangs is not a random event. However, we are not yet able to conclude anything significant about scale-free characteristics due to insufficient sample size. A final analysis looks at gang roles and develops further insight into the nature of the different link types, referring to Klerks’ ’third generation’ analysis, as well as a brief discussion of the potential UK policy applications of this work.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Linken_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSocial Network Analysis and Mining
dc.subjectgangsen_US
dc.subjectgun crimeen_US
dc.subjectscale-free networksen_US
dc.subjectsmall-world networksen_US
dc.subjectsocial distanceen_US
dc.subjectcommunitiesen_US
dc.subjectcrime policyen_US
dc.titleMeasuring UK crime gangs: a social network problemen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13278-015-0265-1
dc.date.dateAccepted2015-05-27
dc.rights.embargodate2016-07-02


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