Sources of organisational and personal stress in sub-elite male and female tennis players
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The purpose of this study was to gain an insight into the organisational and personal issues that may arise prior to competition and undercover whether they could be viewed as stressors. The study aims to build on existing research done in relation to elite performers and extend this research to include the organisational and personal factors recognised by sub elite tennis players. Eight sub elite tennis players were interviewed with regard to potential sources of organisational and personal stress. Content analysis of the data involved categorising the demands into general dimensions. Five main organisational stress issues were examined: Factors intrinsic to the sport, Roles in the sport organisation, Sport relationships and interpersonal demands, Athletic career and performance development issues and organisational structure and climate of the sport. The main personal stress issues were: Work related issues and social issues. Analysis revealed that the main sources of organisational stress were: training, travel, nutrition, injuries, roles, coaching style, team atmosphere, funding, goals and expectations, selection process and communication. The main sources of personal stress were: university workload, time constraints, fear of letting significant others down, social ties, and the ratings system. The findings indicate that sub elite tennis players experience both organisational and personal stressors prior to competition. However, responses varied between participants which indicated that individual differences were apparent in this study.
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