Firm-Level Evidence for the Language Investment Effect on SME Exporters
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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Both analysis of international trade and the knowledge resource theory of the firm imply that language skills should play a vital role in exporting. This may be apparent to large multinationals with sites in many different linguistic locations, but we show it is less obvious to smaller companies. With data on the language used by each of a large sample of European small and medium sized enterprises in their export markets we test and estimate the effects of language assets on language performance in export markets and on export sales. Controlling for the possibility that language skills may be acquired by exporting, we find a very substantial export return to linguistic exper- tise, indicative of unexploited gains from investment in languages. There is also evi- dence of greater under-investment in language skills in English-speaking Europe, which we show can be a prediction of Konya’s (2006) trade model.
Scottish Journal of Political Economy
Foreman-Peck, J. and Zhou, P. (2015) 'Firm-Level Evidence for the Language Investment Effect on SME Exporters', Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 62 (4), pp. 351-377
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Scottish Journal of Political Economy. The final published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjpe.12072
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