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dc.contributor.authorGucciardi, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Ben
dc.contributor.authorHanton, Sheldon
dc.contributor.authorReid, Machar
dc.identifier.citationGucciardi, D.F., Jackson, B., Hanton, S. and Reid, M. (2015) 'Motivational correlates of mentally tough behaviours in tennis', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18 (1), pp. 67-71en_US
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport on 23 December 2013 (online), available at:
dc.descriptionThe author's post-print is made available in this repository.en_US
dc.description.abstractObjectives: The purpose of this study was to examine motivational correlates of mentally tough behaviours among adolescent tennis players. Design: Two-phase study, involving the development of an informant-rated measure of mentally tough behaviours, followed by a cross-sectional survey including athlete and parent assessments of study variables. Methods: In Phase One, 17 adult, high-performance tennis coaches and 20 athletes participated in focus group interviews. Four scholars with expertise in performance psychology also completed a short, online survey. In Phase Two, a total of 347 adolescent tennis players (nmales = 184; nfemales = 163) aged 12–18 years (M = 13.93, SD = 1.47) and one respective parent took part in this study. An online multisection survey containing dimensions of passion, inspiration, fear of failure, and mentally tough behaviours was completed. Athletes self-reported all motivational variables, whereas parents rated their child solely on mentally tough behaviours. Results: Structural equation modelling revealed that harmonious passion (ˇ = .26, p < .01) and frequency of inspiration (ˇ = .32, p < .001) were associated with significantly higher levels of mentally tough behaviours. In contrast, fear of failure (ˇ = −.32, p < .001) and obsessive passion (ˇ = −.15, p < .01) were inversely related to mentally tough behaviours. Inspiration intensity was not significantly associated with mentally tough behaviour (ˇ = .13, p = .21). Conclusions: Motivational variables that are dispositional in nature, contextualised and contingent upon features of the environment, and concern one’s identity are important considerations for understanding mentally tough behaviours.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by a Tennis Australia Sport Science and Medicine Research Grant to the first author.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport;
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
dc.subjectcharacteristic adaptationsen_US
dc.subjectpersonality levelsen_US
dc.titleMotivational correlates of mentally tough behaviours in tennisen_US
dc.rights.embargoreason24 month embargo requested by publisheren_US

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