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dc.contributor.authorGucciardi, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorHanton, Sheldon
dc.contributor.authorGordon, Sandy
dc.contributor.authorMallett, Clifford J.
dc.contributor.authorTemby, Philip
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-05T14:54:20Z
dc.date.available2016-02-05T14:54:20Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationGucciardi, D. F., Hanton, S., Gordon, S., Mallett, C. J. and Temby, P. (2015) 'The concept of mental toughness: tests of dimensionality, nomological network, and traitness', Journal of Personality, 83 (1), pp.26–44en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-3506
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/7656
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Journal of Personality on 27 February 2014 (online), available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12079en_US
dc.descriptionThe author's post-print is available in this repository from 27 February 2016en_US
dc.description.abstractMental toughness has received increased scholarly attention in recent years, yet conceptual issues related to its (a) dimensionality, (b) nomological network, and (c) traitness remain unresolved. The series of studies reported in this article were designed to examine these three substantive issues across several achievement contexts, including sport, education, military, and the workplace. Five studies were conducted to examine these research aims—Study 1: N = 30; Study 2: calibration sample (n = 418), tertiary students (n = 500), athletes (n = 427), and employees (n = 550); Study 3: N = 497 employees; Study 4: N = 203 tertiary students; Study 5: N = 115 army candidates. Collectively, the results of these studies revealed that mental toughness may be best conceptualized as a unidimensional rather than a multidimensional concept; plays an important role in performance, goal progress, and thriving despite stress; and can vary and have enduring properties across situations and time. This series of studies provides a foundation for further basic and applied research of mental toughness across various achievement contexts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded in part by a University of Queensland Early Career Researcher Grant and Postdoctoral Research Fellowship to Daniel F. Gucciardi.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWiley Periodicals, Incen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Personality
dc.rightsThis article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
dc.subjectdiary studyen_US
dc.subjectgoal strivingen_US
dc.subjectmental toughnessen_US
dc.subjectmultilevel structural equation modelingen_US
dc.subjectpersonal resourcesen_US
dc.subjectresilienceen_US
dc.subjectstressen_US
dc.titleThe concept of mental toughness: tests of dimensionality, nomological network, and traitnessen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12079
dc.date.dateAccepted2013-11-07
dc.rights.embargodate2016-02-27
dc.rights.embargoreasonPost-print subject to 24 month embargo at request of publisher


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