A critical analysis of factors affecting drop out in female artistic gymnastics in Bridgend County
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which affect dropout within female artistic gymnastics within Bridgend County. This will be investigated using qualitative methodology established by six in depth interviews. The six interviews were conducted to determine the main pressures and concern’s that gymnasts experience during their career. Interview questions were based on four themes which emerged from the review of literature they were, personal and situational factors, competition and body image. Content analysis identified numerous factors which influence and contribute to drop out, such as, lack of facilities, lack of enjoyment, unsatisfactory social life, lack of preparation, coaches, family and body image. Results from the investigation suggested that drop out within gymnastics is best thought of in terms of Robinsons and Carron’s (1982) situational and personal factors theory. Recommendations and a model were created in order to identify and illustrate and prevent dropout within gymnastics. Conclusions of this study identified that there in not one single major factor which contributes to dropout. It can be caused by an equation of personal and situational factors which all contribute in one way or another. The main conclusion which emerged from this study is that every individual gymnast is different and unique, and each gymnast will experience different factors.
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