The pursuit of improved running performance: Can changes in cushioning and proprioception influence running economy and injury risk?
Taylor & Francis
MetadataShow full item record
There is currently no consensus regarding the effect that barefoot (BFT) running has on running economy (RE). Stride length and shoe mass are confounding variables, with a BFT stride length being shorter than a shod (SH) stride length. Comparison of SH, minimalist shod (MS) and BFT allows controlled variation of cushioning and somatosensory feedback to determine the effect that either and/or both have on RE and running mechanics. Methods: Fifteen female habitually shod, recreational runners visited the laboratory twice. Familiarisation with BFT and SH treadmill running occurred during visit one, in addition to determining SH stride length and BFT stride length. During visit two participants ran BFT, SH and MS with BFT stride length and MS with SH stride length at 10 km/ h for six minutes with 10-minute rest periods between each condition. Lower limb kinematics, electromyography, impact acceleration and VO2 were recorded during the final two minutes of each run. Results: BFT RE was significantly better than SH and MS with BFT stride length. SH RE was significantly worse than MS with SH stride length, but similar to MS with a BFT stride length. Low vertical oscillation, peak eversion and peak dorsiflexion, less plantarflexion at toe-off, in addition to an earlier occurrence of heel off, higher impact accelerations and greater tibialis anterior activity were observed during the most economical condition. Conclusions: Heightened somatosensory feedback and lack of cushioning (BFT) offered an advantage to economy over less somatosensory feedback (MS) and cushioning (SH). Whilst the low vertical oscillation and low plantarflexion at toe-off appear to contribute to the improved RE, other changes to running mechanics whilst BFT could potentially influence injury risk.
Moore, I.S., Jones, A. and Dixon, S. (2013) 'The pursuit of improved running performance: can changes in cushioning and proprioception influence running economy and injury risk?', Footwear Science, 5(sup1), pp.S61-S62.
This article was published in Footwear Science on 09 July 2013 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2013.799557
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
What is the relationship between knee height in the leg cycle and force production during the stance phase whilst running at maximal velocity? Kinsey, Luke (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)The main aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the maximum height of the knee during the leg cycle and the peak vertical ground reaction force from the forthcoming stance phase of the same leg. ...
To investigate whether sprint-specific stretches are more effective are more effective when compared to standard dynamic stretches at enhancing sprint performance Kinnaird, Zach (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2013)Within sport warm up precedes almost every athletic performance, the effectiveness of warm up can determine how prepared an athlete is for the performance ahead, and subsequently how well they perform. One of the major ...
Cheng, Lawrence; Tan, Huiling; Kuntze, Gregor; Roskilly, Kyle; Lowe, John; Bezodis, Ian; Hailes, Stephen; Wilson, Alan; Kerwin, David G. (Springer Verlag, 2010)Accurate sprint-related information, such as stride times, stance times, stride lengths, continuous Centre-of-Mass (CoM) displacements and split times of sprinters are important to both sprint coaches and biomechanics ...