Relative Age Effects in Welsh Age Grade Rugby Union
MetadataShow full item record
Relative age effect (RAE) refers to the immediate and long-term consequences of age difference within an age grouping. In sporting contexts, it has been widely shown that those born in the first quarter gain an advantage over those born in the last quarter of the year. Rugby Union has received scant attention in relation to RAE. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine the presence and prevalence of RAE in Welsh age grade Rugby Union. A further purpose was to consider how coaches’ selection processes have the potential to contribute to the manifestation of RAE. A sequential multi-method research typology was adopted to gain a richer, more contextualized understanding of RAE. Results revealed that RAE was evident in all age groups of Welsh junior club rugby from ‘Under 7-19 yrs’. Odds ratios showed that the magnitude of the RAE increases with the three levels of performance (district, regional and national) above the club game. Further, the process of selection had characteristics that increased the risk of RAE occurring, especially a propensity to use physical characteristics as the primary selection criteria when selecting for representative teams. Also, coaches’ overemphasis on game performance and winning appeared to determine that the older, potentially bigger, faster, stronger players are preferred over the younger less physically mature players.
International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Lewis, J., Morgan, K. and Cooper, S. (2015) 'Relative age effects in Welsh age grade rugby union', International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching,10 (5), pp. 797-813.
This article was published in International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching on 10 December 2015 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1747-9522.214.171.1247
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
A CRITICAL EXPLORATION OF THE POTENTIAL FOR SENIOR WOMEN’S RUGBY TO DEVELOP IN WALES: A STUDY OF WRU CLUBS Pacey, Kathryn (2013-09)Rugby union is firmly embedded within Welsh culture and lies at the heart of Welsh communities. It is strongly associated with masculinity, and is a sport powered and controlled by men. Because of this male bias, women who ...
Thomason, Andrew (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2016)Background: There have been long-standing concerns about the numbers of children who are overweight or obese, and the impact this has on their health and well-being, with poor diet being a known major contributing factor. ...
The 'convergence of the twain': a notational analysis of northern hemisphere rugby league and rugby union football 1988-2002. Eaves, Simon John (University of Wales Institute, Cardiff., 2006)The principal aim of this study was to create longitudinal profiles (1988-2002) for the games of rugby union and rugby league football in order to identify whether changes in time, offence, defence and game action ...