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dc.contributor.authorDavies, Mark
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorMoran, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorMathema, Prabhat
dc.contributor.authorRanson, Craig
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-29T12:28:40Z
dc.date.available2016-04-29T12:28:40Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationDavies, M., Moore, I.S., Moran, P., Mathema, P. and Ranson, C.A. (2015) 'Cervical range of motion, cervical and shoulder strength in senior versus age-grade Rugby Union international front-row forwards', Physical Therapy in Sport, 19, pp. 36-42.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1466-853X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/7873
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Physical Therapy in Sport on 12 October 2015 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.10.001en_US
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To provide normative values for cervical range of motion (CROM), isometric cervical and shoulder strength for; International Senior professional, and International Age-grade Rugby Union front-row forwards. Design: Cross-sectional population study Setting: All international level front-row players within a Rugby Union Tier 1 Nation. Participants: Nineteen Senior and 21 Age-grade front-row forwards underwent CROM, cervical and shoulder strength testing. Main outcome measures: CROM was measured using the CROM device and the Gatherer System was used to measure multi-directional isometric cervical and shoulder strength. Results: The Age-grade players had significantly lower; cervical strength (26 - 57% deficits), cervical flexion to extension strength ratios (0.5 vs. 0.6), and shoulder strength (2 – 36% deficits) than the Senior players. However, there were no differences between front-row positions within each age group. Additionally, there were no differences between age groups or front-row positions in the CROM measurements. Conclusions: Senior Rugby Union front-row forwards have greater cervical and shoulder strength than Age-grade players, with the biggest differences being in cervical strength, highlighting the need for position specific normative values. Importantly, Age-grade players should be evaluated to ensure they have developed sufficient cervical strength prior to entering professional level Rugby Union.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPhysical Therapy in Sport
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.subjectnormative strengthen_US
dc.subjectrugbyen_US
dc.subjectneck injuryen_US
dc.subjectupper limben_US
dc.titleCervical Range of Motion, Cervical and Shoulder Strength in Senior versus Age-grade Rugby Union International Front-Row Forwardsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.10.001
dc.date.dateAccepted2015-10-02
dc.rights.embargodate2016-10-12
dc.rights.embargoreason12 month embargo requested by publisher
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2016-10-12


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