Speech and Language Therapists’ views of working with children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds: a phenomenological study
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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he current study had two main aims. The first aim sought to explore what factors affected Speech and Language Therapists’ (SLT) abilities to provide services in the home languages of children from CALD backgrounds and whether in their opinion, the approaches that they use meet their cultural, social and linguistic needs. Secondly, the present study aimed to explore how SLTs perceive potential cultural differences, what affect these differences have on the outcomes of therapy for clients from CALD backgrounds and whether these differences enable them to provide service which realistically suits their cultural and linguistic needs. Semi- structured interviews were carried out with four SLTs with differing experiences of working with children from CALD backgrounds. Analysis of the data using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis revealed three superordinate themes: (1) Responses to cultural differences, (2) Interaction and relationships with families, (3) Dealing with a different language. This study has found that there are many factors which influence SLTs’ abilities to provide services which are culturally competent and in the home languages. However, it can be concluded from the findings that cultural competence is a two way process. Cultural competence depends on the SLT’s willingness to be aware and seek knowledge about the clients’ cultural and linguistic needs and also depends on the client or parents’ openness to accept the services and professional opinions offered by SLTs. This finding adds to previous models of cultural competence in healthcare which have only emphasised the role of the professional. Finally, this study also revealed that SLTs’ personal opinions about the challenges of providing services which are culturally competent and in the home languages to children from CALD backgrounds may affect their ability to do so.
B.Sc.(Hons) Speech and Language Therapy Speech
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