Detecting uncertainty, predicting outcome for first year students
MetadataShow full item record
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the use of two psychometric measures as predictors of end of year outcome for first year university students. Design/methodology/approach – New undergraduates (n=537) were recruited in two contrasting universities: one arts based, and one science, in different cities in the UK. At the start of the academic year, new undergraduates across 30 programmes in the two institutions were invited to complete a survey comprising two psychometric measures: Academic Behavioural Confidence scale and the Performance Expectation Ladder. Outcome data were collected from the examining boards the following summer distinguishing those who were able to progress to the next year of study without further assessment from those who were not. Findings – Two of the four Confidence subscales, Attendance and Studying, had significantly lower scores amongst students who were not able to progress the following June compared to those who did (p < 0.003). The Ladder data showed the less successful group to anticipate a poorer performance at graduation relative to their year group than did the other group (p < 0.05). Originality/value – The results suggest that these two psychometric measures could be instrumental in predicting those at risk of non-completion; such identification could enable the targeted use of limited resources to improve retention. Given the background of limited resources in which institutions are exhorted to improve retention rates, this approach, facilitating the early identification of those at risk of non-completion, could enable focused use of additional support to reduce attrition.
Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education
Sanders, L.D., Mair, C. and James, R. (2016) 'Detecting uncertainty, predicting outcome for first year students', Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 8(3), pp. 346 - 359.
This article was published in Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education in 2016, available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-10-2015-0076
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Freeman, Paul (Elsevier, 2017-05)Objectives: This study examined whether the impact of enacted support on performance differed across type (esteem and informational) and visibility (visible and invisible) of support. It further tested whether self-efficacy ...
A study into the health based decision-making practices currently applied to kerosene fumes exposure following a leak of domestic heating oil. Madden, Gerard (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2005)The problem of concern in this study was the consideration of the health implications following a leak of domestic heating oil, when occupants can become exposed to kerosene fumes indoors. Those responding to the incident ...
A study to investigate why agricultural based businesses in South Pembrokeshire have diversified into tourism. Nicholas, Rebecca Elizabeth Myfanwy (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2011)The research project aimed to discover the motivation behind agricultural businesses move from traditional agriculture to tourism in the South Pembrokeshire area. It looked at the existing literature and research that was ...