The effect of massage on hamstring flexibility in female hockey players
Lewis, Cerian Eleri
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background – Massage has been traditionally and extensively used within sport medicine, however there is a lack of scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of its use in improving flexibility. There are very few articles published which investigated the effects of massage on hamstring flexibility in female hockey players. Aim - The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of massage on hamstring flexibility in female hockey players. Methods - 12 participants from Cardiff Metropolitan University, Ladies Hockey team volunteered to participate in this study. They were randomly allocated into two groups of six participants and a randomised cross over design was used over a period of two weeks. In the first week the first group acted as a control and didn’t receive the massage intervention but measurements of hamstring flexibility were taken using the sit and reach test. Whilst the second group received a 10-minute massage intervention consisting of effleurage and petrissage strokes and their hamstring flexibility were measured before and after the massage intervention using the sit and reach test. In the second week the two groups alternated, therefore by the end of the two weeks both groups had a measurement of flexibility without having massage and one before and after the massage intervention. Results – A one way repeated measures ANOVA test displayed that there was a significant increase (p<0.01) in hamstring flexibility following the massage intervention in all participants. Conclusion - The present findings suggest that a 10-minute massage intervention on the most dominant hamstring muscle group had a significant increase (p < 0.01) in post massage hamstring flexibility measures compared to a pre massage and control measures.
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